The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) study, funded by the National Eye Institute, has shown that early treatment of high-risk prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) improves retinal and visual outcomes at 9 months corrected age. These favorable study results have yielded new guidelines for treatment of infants with ROP. See Type I ROP and Type 2 ROP.
Good WV; Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. Final results of the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) randomized trial. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2004;102:233-48; discussion 248-50.