HOPE Study: High Oxygen Percentage in ROP

Retinopathy of prematurity outcome in infants with prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity and oxygen saturation >94% in room air: the high oxygen percentage in retinopathy of prematurity study aimed to determine the rate of progression from prethreshold to threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants excluded from Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity (STOP-ROP) because their median arterial oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO2) values were >94% in room air at the time of prethreshold diagnosis and to compare them with infants who were enrolled in STOP-ROP and had median SpO2 < or =94% in room air. They concluded that the mechanisms that result in better ROP outcome for HOPE-ROP versus STOP-ROP are not fully understood. It seems that an infant's SpO2 value at the time of prethreshold diagnosis is a prognostic indicator for which infants may progress to severe ROP. When other known prognostic indicators are factored in, the SpO2 is of borderline significance. Source: McGregor ML, Bremer DL, Cole C, McClead RE, Phelps DL, Fellows RR, Oden N; HOPE-ROP Multicenter Group. High Oxygen Percentage in Retinopathy of Prematurity study. Retinopathy of prematurity outcome in infants with prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity and oxygen saturation >94% in room air: the high oxygen percentage in retinopathy of prematurity study. Pediatrics. 2002 Sep;110(3):540-4.