What is Retinopathy of Prematurity?

Retinopathy of Prematurity or ROP is a vasoproliferative disease affecting the retina of premature babies and very low birth weight infants. The eyes of premature babies can be screened and if detected early can be treated in time. Lack of ROP screening and timely laser treatment can lead to advanced ROP and poor prognosis. ROP is an important cause of blindness in developing countries.